@rawturtle

I figured this out.

The top figure is the total number of coins that will have been mined by the time each block starts spitting out a constant amount of coins (30,000 per the white paper) in perpetuity. I don't get the 2 either, but I literally calculated it out and got the same number.

The bottom figure is the amount of coins that will be produced a year, in perpetuity, after the mined blocks produce 30,000 per block forever and ever.

The last piece of the pie would be to figure out how much "burn" is produced every 10 minutes (the length between mined blocks being released), and you can rough what this coin will cost on-going. It obviously will not take into account irrationality of investors, and is making huge assumptions on adoption/burn.